idk d.o. i.o.

If I asked, “What is an indirect (or direct) object pronoun?”  Does that sound like foreign language itself?

You‘re not alone, but I’m here to help!

If I have the example:

She gives me the gift.

She= subject

Gives= verb

Me= indirect object (the person receiving the action)

The gift= the direct object (the thing we‘re talking about)

In Spanish our indirect object pronouns are:

Me

Te

Le/Se

Nos

Os

Les/se

Our direct object pronouns are:

Lo/la

Los/las

Order:

Subject, indirect object pronoun, direct object pronoun, conjugated verb

I saw the sign

While studying abroad in Córdoba, Argentina, we had the opportunity to travel around the country during our free time.  As we traveled, I began to notice the signage; bus stops, cross walks, graffiti, and translated signs.  In highly trafficked tourist areas there were many signs in various languages.  In these places I noticed that the signs translated from Spanish to English, were not always translated correctly, which made me wonder, how often do we also make those mistakes?  However, although some words were missing, one could understand the message!

Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4

End of the (School) Year

libros

Recuerda esto: Practica un poquito, espero que tengas un buen verano, no te olvides que estamos aqui!

Despedida De Clase

Ha llegado el final de año,
es momento de despedida,
recordaré con alegría
su amor, su cariño y sonrisa.

En el alma tendré grabados,
donde maduraron mis sueños,
porque aprendi desde pequeño
de la escuela y de mis maestros.

Crayones, guardapolvos blancos,
y dibujando garabatos,
haciendo collares de plumas,
y hasta actuando en los escenarios.

Los pizarrones y recreos,
los trabajos y los cuadernos,
los libros y los compañeros,
me quedarán en el recuerdo.

Mi escuela, hoy tengo que dejarte
y emprenderé un nuevo camino,
pero tendré siempre presente
que fuiste quien guió mi destino.

Todos mis queridos maestros,
los que acompañaron mis sueños,
¡Les digo gracias y hasta siempre!
¡Serán parte de mis afectos!

Todos los derechos reservados.
Copyright © 11 de Noviembre 2012 by Arjona Delia

That ‘new-fangled’ internet

exam-preparation I guess in all reality I should admit that I am getting older. And yes, yes before I hear the backlash, I know that I am not old, but I’ve noticed that learning methods and things I used to do in school are not done (or are done minimally) anymore. Now, I know that I was spoiled because we could and did use the internet for research, but I do remember the card catalogue days! But I know that my students today rarely use a textbook and do most (if not all) their work on a computer and submit assignments over the internet.

I am glad that I didn’t have to do this when I was in school. I know I would have struggled with doing everything on the computer. Given the opportunity, I would choose to write something down before I type it. And I am one of those ‘old-fashioned’ people who still has a daily agenda and doesn’t program my schedule into my phone. But the great thing about all the computers and the internet is we are so easily connected! Especially during this time of year, when everyone is cramming for exams, the computer makes even tutoring convenient!

So, we’re offering Skype tutoring sessions for all subjects for $35.00 p/hr. Now until May 20 you can book 3 sessions at a 10% discount!

It will save you a lot of time and some green and we all can use a little of that!

The Elf and the Doctor

elf2doctor1

There once was a little Elf. He was so silly, always running around from place to place. When people asked him, where he lived he always replied, “Everywhere!” To which they would inquire, “Now, where is that located??” One moment he’d be happy, the next he’d be sad–he was an emotional little fellow. He scared easily, laughed easily, cried easily, and was never afraid to express his feelings. He always made sure if he made changes they were temporary.

One day he met the Doctor. The Doctor wasn’t like him at all. He was always described as “tall, dark, and handsome”–great characteristics in a man! He had a great occupation (you know, being a doctor), rarely left his place of origin, which of course was somewhere in New England. Unlike the Elf, the Doctor was always on time and attended church regularly, his religion was very important to him. And if he did change something in his routine he changed it permanently.

A little story to help remember the difference between SER and ESTAR

SER- to be
yo soy
tú eres
él es
nosotros somos
vosotros soís
ellos son
Used for (Permanent):

Description
Occupation
Characteristics
Time
Origin
Religion

ESTAR- to be
yo estoy
tú estás
él está
nosotros estamos
vosotros estaís
ellos están

Used for (Temporary):

Emotions
Location
Feelings

el día que tú naciste

estrellas20pink1This is a poem I learned in high school from (the best teacher ever) Sra. Lashley. We learned this poem early in her class and were expected to say it if we were misbehaving, or said something ‘not so nice’ to another student. Now, I wasn’t required to say this too often, but it’s stuck with me and really is a sweet and beautiful poem.

el día que tú naciste,
nacieron las cosas buenas,

nació el sol
nació la luna
y nacieron las estrellas

en inglés:

the day that you were born,
all the good things were born,

the sun was born
the moon was born
and the stars were born

I.O., D.O., I don’t know…

parlote_jpg_640_640I’ll be perfectly honest with you…learning about Indirect and Direct Objects in Spanish stinks.  When I first started learning them (in Spanish), I thought to myself, “I don’t even remember what these are in English!”  I guess I should have, but I didn’t.

So to clarify, for those of you who may not recall.  Direct objects are the “objects” or “things” we talk about in the sentence and the Indirect Object is the person who receives the action.   Yes, I know it sounds confusing, but I’ll explain.

She brings me the ball.

She= subject

brings= verb

me= Indirect Object

ball= Direct Object

Now in Spanish our Indirect Objects are:

Yo me
Tú te
El le
Nosotros nos
Ellos les

And Direct Objects (for right now) are:

lo/la

los/las

* These depend on whether the object you are talking about is feminine or masculine, singular or plural

Order:

In Spanish, we always place the I.O. first, then the D.O., and they both come before the conjugated verb. OR in that same order (I.O., D.O. then attached to the infinitive= Verb in AR, IR, or ER form)

Examples:

Let’s go back to our first example:

She brings me the ball.
español

Subject: Ella
I.O.: me
Verb: trae
D.O.: la pelota
Ella me da la pelota.

She brings me it (the ball).

Ella me la trae.

I know that you are looking at this and saying, “This is so backwards!” The truth is yes, it is, but remember these rules for Spanish:

1. Your verb is conjugated to agree with your SUBJECT

2. Your I.O. comes BEFORE your D.O.

3. Both your I.O. and D.O. come BEFORE your CONJUGATED verb

I know it’s a lot! But the next post will explain your I.O.s and D.O.s in more depth!

But now, I.O., D.O. you DO KNOW!

Hasta la próxima vez…