I.O., D.O., I don’t know…

parlote_jpg_640_640I’ll be perfectly honest with you…learning about Indirect and Direct Objects in Spanish stinks.  When I first started learning them (in Spanish), I thought to myself, “I don’t even remember what these are in English!”  I guess I should have, but I didn’t.

So to clarify, for those of you who may not recall.  Direct objects are the “objects” or “things” we talk about in the sentence and the Indirect Object is the person who receives the action.   Yes, I know it sounds confusing, but I’ll explain.

She brings me the ball.

She= subject

brings= verb

me= Indirect Object

ball= Direct Object

Now in Spanish our Indirect Objects are:

Yo me
Tú te
El le
Nosotros nos
Ellos les

And Direct Objects (for right now) are:

lo/la

los/las

* These depend on whether the object you are talking about is feminine or masculine, singular or plural

Order:

In Spanish, we always place the I.O. first, then the D.O., and they both come before the conjugated verb. OR in that same order (I.O., D.O. then attached to the infinitive= Verb in AR, IR, or ER form)

Examples:

Let’s go back to our first example:

She brings me the ball.
español

Subject: Ella
I.O.: me
Verb: trae
D.O.: la pelota
Ella me da la pelota.

She brings me it (the ball).

Ella me la trae.

I know that you are looking at this and saying, “This is so backwards!” The truth is yes, it is, but remember these rules for Spanish:

1. Your verb is conjugated to agree with your SUBJECT

2. Your I.O. comes BEFORE your D.O.

3. Both your I.O. and D.O. come BEFORE your CONJUGATED verb

I know it’s a lot! But the next post will explain your I.O.s and D.O.s in more depth!

But now, I.O., D.O. you DO KNOW!

Hasta la próxima vez…

 

 

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These “boots” weren’t made for walking…

The Spanish Language has an abundance of verbs and an abundance of verb tenses.boot

14 different verbs tenses are recognized by the Real Academia Española and any Spanish student will tell you, that’s a lot of conjugations!

In addition to various verb tenses, Spanish also has many (many) irregular verbs.

Some of those verbs are in the Present Tense and are called Stem-changing Verbs.

Examples:
Poder- o->ue
Querer-e->ie
Jugar-u->ue

This means that the first vowel (indicated) in the first part of the verb (called the stem) changes to a vowel combination.  Sounds confusing, I know.  Let’s take a look at the first verb, Poder.

Poder- to be able to (can)

Yo puedo (I can)                      *  Nosotros podemos (We can)

Tú puedes (You can)                * Vosotros podeís (You all can)

Él puede (He can)                      Ellos pueden (They can)

* Notice the Nosotros and Vosotros forms DO NOT stem change, they conjugate normally using ‘o’ and  not ‘ue’

Now, look at the purple, bold conjugations. Do you see the purple boot? 

There are many stem-changing verbs in the Present Tense that conjugate just like this, where the Nosotros and Vosotros forms do not stem-change.  I hope this helps and possibly answers some Spanish grammar questions!

Una oficina

oficinaI am excited to announce that the S.T.A.T. Project is now looking for some office/workspace! In light of our new announcement, for the New Year, I thought I would share some “office” vocabulary.

la oficina- office

la silla- chair

el escritorio- desk

los archivos- files

la computadora- computer

la impresora- printer

la fotocopiadora- photocopier

el teléfono- telephone

la pluma- pen

el lápiz- pencil

el proyecto- project

el trabajo- work

los papeles- papers

feliz año nuevo a todos

Feliz Año Nuevo!

I hope everyone enjoyed celebrating the New Year! S.T.A.T. Project has some new ideas, goals, and a whole bunch of enthusiasm for 2013!  And we’d love for you to join us!  Remember, we provide Spanish tutoring to students of all ages and we also have German and Mandarin (through Skype) tutoring available!  Please let us know if you have any questions and we look forward to hearing from you!feliz-ano-nuevo-2013-original